ForSains

SALIM, Asal Guinea Afrika

Salim, migran asal Guinea Afrika di Perancis ini banyak bercerita tentang perekonomian di negara asalnya. Masuknya investor dari China di Afrika, termasuk Guinea, telah membawa kemakmuran dibandingkan saat Guinea di bawah Perancis.

Dari Amsterdam menuju Paris, kami tempuh dengan moda transportasi bis. Ya.., jadi kami coba dan rasakan semua moda transportasi di Eropa :
▪︎ Pesawat
▪︎ Eurotunnel
▪︎ Kereta, dan
▪︎ Bis.

Dari Amsterdam jam 00.00 dan tiba di Paris jam 7.00. Dari Terminal Bis kami naik Uber menuju ke Hotel. Drivernya Berkulit hitam & ramah sekali. Dia memperkenalkan diri sebagai Salim.

Sepanjang perjalanan menuju hotel yang macet parah, Salim banyak bercerita :

▪︎ Dia pernah tinggal di Amsterdam selama 7 tahun. Dia bilang Amsterdam lebih bersahabat dari Paris. Tapi dia memilih Paris untuk mengais rezeki karena istrinya, yang juga dari Guinea, tidak bisa bahasa Belanda.

▪︎ Di Paris, Salim kontrak kamar kecil. Istri & anak² nya tinggal 200 km dari Paris. Seminggu sekali Salim pulang, tengok keluarganya.

▪︎ Salim sudah punya 5 anak. 2 diantaranya sudah selesai sekolah. Yang 1 sudah kerja & yang satunya lagi baru cari² kerja.

▪︎ Salim seorang Muslim asal Guinea Afrika. Dia juga tanya agama kami. “Kami Muslim”, kataku. Aku ngaku Muslim untuk mengurangi resiko kriminalitas. Salim senang. “Indonesia adalah negara Muslim terbesar di dunia” katanya. Dia tampak senang, karena penumpangnya seiman. Lumayan…, rasa was² kami jadi berkurang.

▪︎ Di Guinea sulit cari kerja. Namun sekarang, setelah investor dari China masuk ke Guinea, perekonomian Guinea jadi membaik.

▪︎ Dahulu, Guinea adalah koloni Perancis. Dengan Perancis, perekonomian berhenti di tempat.

▪︎ Salim bilang : “China jauh lebih baik dari Perancis. Ibarat bila Perancis dapet 100, maka hanya 20 yang dibagikan ke rakyat Guinea. Dengan China, bila China dapet 100, maka 50 nya dikembalikan pada rakyat Guinea. Warga & Negara China sangat dicintai rakyat Guinea“.

Dari percakapan, tampak kecerdasan Salim di atas rata² rakyat Guinea yang cuman 56. Bahkan mungkin sudah di atas rata² IQ orang Indonesia yang hanya 78,45.

Setelah Googling, ternyata yang dirasakan Salim sesuai dengan data yang ada.

▪︎ Luas Guinea 250.000 km² = ½ luas Sumatra.
▪︎ Jumlah penduduknya hanya 13 juta = ¼ penduduk Sumatra. Artinya, kepadatan penduduknya masih ½ nya Sumatra.
▪︎ Income perkapita US$ 818 ≈ Rp 12 juta per tahun. Kalau dibandingkan
Income perkapita Indonesia US$ 5.500 ≈ Rp 82 juta per tahun, maka kondisi perekonomian Guinea sama seperti perekonomian Indonesia tahun 1980.

Sumber perekonomian utama Guinea adalah Pertanian. Namun Guinea menyimpan banyak sumber mineral :
▪︎ Bauksit
▪︎ Emas
▪︎ Intan
▪︎ Biji Besi kualitas tinggi
▪︎ Uranium.

Guinea menyimpan cadangan Bauksit terbesar di dunia. 25% Dari 31 milyar ton cadangan bauksit dunia ada di Guinea. Bauksit, atau Al (OH)³, adalah bahan baku Aluminium.

Pada 2009, China International Fund menandatangani perjanjian akan menginvestasikan $7 milyar pada infrastruktur di Guinea. Sebagai imbalannya, China akan menjadi Mitra Strategis dalam semua proyek pertambangan di negara kaya mineral ini. China akan membantu membangun :
▪︎ Pelabuhan
▪︎ Jalur kereta api
▪︎ Pembangkit listrik
▪︎ Perumahan murah dan
▪︎ Pusat administrasi baru di ibu kota.

Data perekonomian juga menunjukkan pertumbuhan yang tinggi sejak masuknya investasi China di Guinea.

China melakukan investasi bukan hanya di Guinea saja. Hampir seluruh Afrika digarapnya.

Bahkan untuk seluruh Afrika, sejak 2012 investasi China telah mengambil alih dominasi Amerika.

Begitu piawainya China dalam mengolah investasinya di dunia. Bukan hanya di Indonesia.

Demikianlah sejenak percakapan dengan Salim, warga Guinea, yang telah sedikit menambah wawasanku.

Paris, Kamis Pon, 07.03.24

꧋ꦤꦸꦂꦱꦺꦠꦲꦂꦢꦶꦥꦸꦠꦿꦤ꧀ꦠꦺꦴ꧉
(Nurseto Ardiputranto)
———-
Narasi terkait :
1. EROPA
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/yNwUzDFkseG2gYkq/?mibextid=oFDknk

2. ETIHAD
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/y85SMTXQSC1pPTmV/?mibextid=oFDknk

3. BRITISH MUSEUM
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/XtYYhK2o77TXZAcD/?mibextid=oFDknk

4. KAWAN LAMO
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/MSYwBVEDHpQi5rNt/?mibextid=oFDknk

5. EUROTUNNEL
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/dtRzfKAecqKusbQT/?mibextid=oFDknk

6. PEGUNUNGAN ALPEN SWISS
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/7KcxYn5ewgfTyKLH/?mibextid=oFDknk

7. KECOPETAN DI EROPA
https://www.facebook.com/share/p/XU9sZM6GWFnf5uNj/?mibextid=oFDknk
———-
Ref no.1
https://id.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea

Ref no.2
https://www.fdiintelligence.com/content/news/guinea-signs-7bn-china-deal-21189

Ref no.3
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Indonesias-Per-Capita-GDP-Economic-Growth-and-Exchange-Rate_fig1_278886500

Ref no.4
https://www.sais-cari.org/chinese-investment-in-africa#:~:text=Chinese%20FDI%20in%20Africa%20Data%20Overview&text=Flows%20surged%20from%20US%2475,Bank%20of%20China%20(ICBC).

Ref no.5
https://www.statista.com/chart/26668/main-import-countries-sources-africa/

Nurseto Ardiputranto

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